Got a very good lesson today. I've just realized that the NetCDF package I installed for WRF on FX10 few months ago was in fact version 4.1.3 and not 22.214.171.124. I found that 4.1.3 package from WRF online tutorial web page contains more source codes, not only C but fortran and C++, where 126.96.36.199 downloaded directly from NetCDF website only has either C or fortran codes. In order to install NetCDF libraries for both C and fortran from the latest packages, one should download and install the NetCDF-C first, then install NetCDF-fortran. It was quite confusing since NetCDF-C package's name doesn't contain "C" on it (just NetCDF).
The followings are the steps to install the latest NetCDF-C (188.8.131.52) and NetCDF-fortran (4.2) on FX10 Oakleaf super computer of University of Tokyo. The compilers used for these installations are cross-compilers of FX10 (frtpx, fccpx and FCCpx) on login node. While some resources I found on internet use quite complicated compiler options and optimizations, I used very basic one instead. So far, I found no problems for the compilations.
1. Environment variables (bash)
$ export CC=fccpx
$ export CXX=FCCpx
$ export FC=frtpx
$ export F77=frtpx
2. Install NetCDF-C
Because it's cross-compiling, we need to add option "--host" for configure script. For FX10, the host name is "sparc64v-sparc-linux-gnu". For other machine, it should be "x86_64" (just run uname command to make it sure).
./configure --prefix=$INSTALL_DIR/netcdf --disable-dap --disable-netcdf-4 --disable-shared --host=sparc64v-sparc-linux-gnu
Since it's cross-compilation, we cannot run "make check" on login mode of FX10. In order to check the installed binaries, we should use Interactive mode of FX10 to run them.
3. Install NetCDF-fortran
This is basically the same with its C counterpart. One of differences is the option for configure script where there are no "--disable-dap" and "--disable-netcdf-4" for fortran version. One important thing for this installation is, we should set CPPFLAGS and LDFLAGS on environment variables before running configure script, otherwise the configuration will be failed.
./configure --prefix=$INSTALL_DIR/netcdf --disable-shared --host=sparc64v-sparc-linux-gnu
After installation, check the contents of netcdf directory, especially /lib and /include, make sure all libraries are there. Also, don't forget to test "ncdump" on interactive mode to make sure it could be run well.